Since the 1970s, Perkins Coie lawyers have been advising solar developers, lenders and investors on all aspects and at every stage of power project development and operation, in both regulated and unregulated settings. Our work includes numerous projects, and we routinely address issues related to processing development applications, construction, financing and operation. In the course of our representations on both large- and small-scale projects, our multidisciplinary solar energy team has worked with utilities, developers, financial supporters and end-user customers on leases, net metering, tax incentives, financing and other issues that affect solar energy projects, as well as other renewable energy projects. When necessary, we have also defended projects against legal challenges.
For the past decade, Perkins Coie lawyers have been advising wind developers, lenders, investors and utilities on all aspects of large and small wind projects, in both regulated and unregulated settings. We have worked on numerous projects, addressing issues related to siting, permitting, construction, financing, operation, power purchase agreements and interconnection to the grid. Our multidisciplinary wind energy team has worked with utilities, developers, financial supporters and end-user customers on leases, tax incentives, financing and the other issues that affect wind and other renewable energy projects. When necessary, we have also defended projects against legal challenges.
Global warming, climate change, droughts and population growth all contribute to water shortages in numerous areas across the United States and worldwide. To solve these water problems, researchers and developers are exploring clean energy devices and clean methods improve water storage, increase the water supply and conservation, and promote desalination and water reuse. Perkins Coie attorneys work with investors and researchers who are looking to invest in and revolutionize these clean/green water technologies and processes. Our attorneys represent and counsel water organizations, private companies, venture capitalists, industry groups, and real estate developers to ensure that the use of clean/green technology maximizes water use, sustains anticipated growth, protects existing investments and align with local, state and federal regulations regarding water use and water quality. We also assist governments in developing legislation to encourage clean technology and clean methods for water use, including by using rain collection devices with impervious surfaces and minimizing evaporative losses from water reservoirs open to the atmosphere. We also counsel governments and municipalities regarding clean methods for water development and management, including performing non-injurious inter-basin transfers of water, reusing of gray water for irrigation and industrial use, and storing storm and gray water underground for subsequent reuse.
The Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program focuses on developing energy-efficient and environmentally friendly highway transportation technologies that reduce America's petroleum dependence. Perkins Coie attorneys provide the Cleantech transportation industry with legal counsel in a number of areas including hybrid and vehicle systems, vehicle energy storage, vehicle charging stations, advanced combustion engines, fuels and lubricants and more. Perkins Coie attorneys have always represented leaders in the transportation industry, beginning with The Boeing Company, the firm's first client and one of its biggest current clients. As transportation technology evolves, Perkins Coie continues to represent industry leaders and innovators. We counsel companies that develop, build and market the next generation of highly efficient aircraft and ground vehicles, and work with entrepreneurs and venture capitalists involved in the latest clean transportation technologies.
Innovative and green or eco-friendly materials for construction and energy products continue to grow in popularity as we strive to have a less harmful impact on the environment in the places where we live and work. Perkins Coie has been involved with several of the leading research institutions, companies and entrepreneurs seeking to establish new materials that are compatible with the environment. Our experience in helping establish collaborations between our clients, university research institutions and government-sponsored research institutions, has helped bring innovative materials to market. Our IP team is responsible for dozens of patents protecting these unique and innovative substances, and our business transaction professionals have established strategic partnerships for the development, manufacturing and commercialization of an array of clean materials.
The use of geothermal energy as a renewable base load to produce electricity is increasing in the western United States and other parts of the world. Since the early 1980s, Perkins Coie lawyers have been assisting clients with their geothermal power plant project acquisition, siting, development, construction and operation legal issues. Our geothermal legal team's experience includes advising developers, contractors, lenders, investors and utilities on all aspects of large and small, domestic and international geothermal projects, including geothermal leasing on private and public property, water rights acquisition, permitting, engineering, procurement and construction contracts, power purchase agreements, interconnection and transmission agreements, project finance and tax incentives.