In this article, T. Markus Funk examines the historic charges recently lodged in United States v. Alexander Wolff, et al., the largest food fraud and anti-dumping criminal prosecution in U.S. history. The Government set the stage for what it undoubtedly hopes will be a convincing public test of the prosecutive powers of Section 1519’s powerful, but surprisingly little-understood, obstruction of justice provision, providing a glimpse of what could well be the next pivotal battlefield in the Government’s stepped-up war against white collar offenders.